The Theoretical Hierarchy Of Development focuses on the different elements of the Crossfit lifestyle and how they stack over each other to take us from sickness through wellness into fitness through improving work capacity over broad time and modal domains, and help to support the development of the 10 general physical skills that form general physical preparedness.
At the foundation is nutrition, which isn’t just about eating the right things, but also considers eating the right amounts, at the right time, in the right proportions. There’s countless written about nutrition in relation to sports and fitness, and some common myths exist. Generally speaking however Crossfit nutrition focuses on (from most extreme to most manageable) ketogenic diet, Zone diet and paleo diet protocols, generally favouring high protein, high fat, low carb portioning.
The next level out is metabolic conditioning, or rather the ability for the athlete to sustain work at increasing intensities and durations, really this focuses on Cardiovascular/respiratory endurance. Anecdotally, athletes who come from sports disciplines that have high endurance components (team field sports and endurance racing), generally excel here, possessing ‘good engines’, generally athletes from this kind of back ground don’t fatigue unless you add weight or complex movements to the workout. in this sense their pyramid has an extremely wide base, but narrows very quickly.
moving up a level is gymnastics. its interesting to note that many high level competitive female crossfit athletes have a strong background in gymnastics, which is not surprising when you consider the amount of general physical skills covered and the level of commitment gymnastics takes. general physical skills covered include Accuracy, Balance, Agility, Coordination, Flexibility, Strength, Stamina, with this much of the general physical skills its no surprise why athletes with this background do so well. On a basic level however, what we’re really talking about here is simply the ability for the athlete to control their movements and body in context of space, so we’re not expecting planche pushups.
Following on is weightlifting and throwing, which is now where we being to overlay external objects and weights to the athletes foundation, if you lack the necessary gymnastic foundation to do a push up, its’ probably a bad idea to start doing bench presses.
Finally we reach sport, which applies further external variables including time, competition, crowds and ‘random events. – all of which will impact the athletes ability to perform.