Read more – The secret to Crossfit – Intensity
The Definition of Crossfit is generally put as ‘constantly varied, function fitness, performed at high intensity, designed for universal scalability’, the three components –
- constantly varied
- Functional fitness
- High intensity
are what work together to make Crossfit a highly effective training method. Focusing on ‘constantly varied’ what you’ll notice about Crossfit is how the training does not seem to focus on any specifics. To those that only casually look at Crossfit, this can seem random, unfocused and lacking in purpose. Theres a sense that by training everything, you master nothing… ironically, thats kind of the point.
Crossfit wasn’t designed to create the best weightlifter, or the best running, rather it was designed to create ‘all round’ athleticism, the closes approximation would be to a heptathlete, but even then the heptathlon still doesn’t encompass a full spectrum of the (Crossfit) definition of what fitness consists of.
The Crossfit definition of what crossfit consists of covers 10 General Physical Skills (GPS), which combined make up a persons General Physical Preparedness (GPP)
Most sports will cover only a partial spectrum of these skills. For example a marathon runner would cover Cardio vascular endurance, stamina and to some degree Speed. but the would certainly be lacking in strength compared to a weightlifter, or coordination when compared to a gymnast. This isn’t to point fault at the marathon runner or to suggest there’s a hierarchy in athleticism, but it suggest a high degree of specialism, which is what Crossfit strives to avoid.
Consequently the training elements that make up Crossfit also attempt to cover all 10 General Physical Skills (GPS), and so we see elements of strongman, endurance racing, gymnastics, olympic lifting, and calisthenics, complied in a variety of durations, weight loads, rep schemes and combinations.
In essence, this means that ‘good’ crossfit programming should be structured in such a way that the athlete develops the 10 General Physical Skills (GPS) across broad time and modal domains, building up their conditioning, strength and skill through the phosphogenic, glycolytic and metabolic pathways.